sábado, 27 de mayo de 2017

The history of Britiss Surnames


Sometimes, people took their names from occupations. See if you recognize anyone's name from this list! Listed by name first, and job description second.

Archer - archer
Bacchus - worked in a bake house
Bailey - bailiff
Barber - cut hair; surgeon
Barker - worked with bark for the leather trade, shepherd
Baxter - female baker
Bekker - made wooden vessels
Bender - made casks and barrels
Berger - shepherd
Boatwright - made boats
Bowman - archer
Brewer - brewed ale
Brewster - female brewer
Butler - wine steward
Campion - pro fighter; champion
Cantrell - cinger in a chatry
Carpenter - carpenter
Carrin - made carts
Carter - made or sold carts, transported goods
Cartwright - made carts
Carver - sculptor
Cater - supplied goods to a large household
Century - belt maker
Chafer - lime kiln worker
Chaffer - merchant
Chalker - white washer
Challender - sold blankets
Chamberlain - in charge of private chambers.
Chambers - in charge of private chambers.
Chandler - candle maker
Chaplin - chaplain
Chapman - merchant/peddler
Cheeseman - made and sold cheese
Cheesewright - made and sold cheese
Cherrier - worked in a cherry orchard
Chessman - made and sold cheese
Clark - clerk
Cleaver - either worked in a butcher shop or split wood
Coldren - made large cooking pots
Coleman - gathered charcoal
Collier - sold charcoal
Conner - inspected for weights and measures
Cook - cook
Cooper - made barrels
Cotter - tenant farmer
Crowther - played the "crowd," a medieval stringed instrument
Day - worker in a dairy
Dexter - female dyer
Drage - confectioner
Draper - maker/seller of woolen cloth
Dyer - dyed cloth
Dyster - female dyer
Falconer - kept and trained falcons
Farrar - smith, ferrier
Faulkner - kept and trained falcons
Fearson - ironmonger/smith
Fisher - fisherman
Fiske - sold fish
Flax - sold or grew flax
Fletcher - made arrows
Foal - fool; jester
Forester - guardian of lord's forest
Foster - guardian of lord's forest
Fowler - keeper/catcher of birds
Frobisher - polished swords and armor
Fuller - thickened cloth by trampling
Gage - inspected for weights and measures
Gardner, Gardiner - tended gardens
Glover - made gloves
Graves - steward
Hammer - made stone hammers
Harper - played or made harps
Hayward - guarded fences or enclosures
Heard - shepherd or cow herd
Hinman - keeper of deer on an estate
Hogg - swine herd
Hooper - fitted metal hoops to barrels and casks
Hunter - hunter
Inman - Innkeeper
Kantor - singer in a chantry
Kellogg - slaughterer
Key - made keys
Killer - lime kiln worker
King - servant to a king
Kisser - armor maker
Knight - knight; any military servant; young servant to a knight
Lander - laundry worker
Leadbetter - lead worker
Lister - cloth dyer
Lorimer - made spurs
Lush - usher
Machin - mason; stoneworker
Marshall - in charge of horses
Mason - mason; stoneworker
Mercer - merchant, esp. of fine cloths (silk, velvet etc.)
Miller, - Milner miller
Mulliner, - Mills miller
Nader - tailor
Naylor - made and sold nails
Page, Paige, Paget - minor male servant
Palmer - a pilgrim
Parker - game keeper
Parson parson; - rector
Piper - played or made pipes
Plummer plumber; - lead worker
Potter - potter
Proctor - tax collector; solicitor; steward
Provost - supervisor on a lord's manor
Purcell - swine herd
Redman - roof thatcher
Rock - spun wool; made distaffs
Rocker - spun wool; made distaffs
Ryder - delivered messages on horseback
Sadler - made saddles
Salter - salt worker or salt seller
Sargent - military servant
Sawyer - sawed wood
Schneider - tailor (German)
Schreiber - clerk
Scully - town crier
Seal/Seales - maker of seals or saddles
Sexton - maintained churches; dug graves
Shepherd - shepard
Shields - armorer
Singer - singer
Skinner - tanned hides
Skipper - ship master
Smith, Smythe smith - smithy
Smoker - made smocks
Snyder - tailor (Dutch)
Soppner - roofing shingle maker
Spencer - dispensed lord's provisions
Spicer - sold spices
Spittle - hospital worker
Stanier, Stonier - stone cutter
Steele - steel worker
Stewart - steward
Stringer - made strings for bows
Tabor - played the tabor (small drum)
Tanner - tanned hides
Tasker - did piece work
Taverner - tavern keeper
Taylor - tailor
Thatcher - thatched roofs
Tiller - farmer
Tillman - farmer or tile maker
Todd - fox hunter
Toller - toll collector
Trainer - trapper
Tranter - waggoner
Trapp - trapper
Travers - tollbridge keeper
Trinder - wheel maker
Trotter - messenger
Tucker - cloth worker
Turner - made small objects by turning them on a lathe
Tyler - made tiles
Tyrer - wardrobe master
Voss - servant
Walker - shrunk woolen cloth
Waller - built walls
Ward - watchman; guard
Warf - dock worker
Warner, Warrer - in charge of wildlife at a park
Wayne - wheel maker
Webb - weaver
Webster - female weaver
Woodward - forester
Wright (i.e. wheelwright made wheels for carts)

So now you are a bit smarter than before you read this!

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